Modelling the Interaction of a Molten Seal and Solid Particles Using SPH and DEM Simulations: Application for a Passive New SCRAM System for LMR
NURETH-14 - 2011 September 25-30

Presented at:
2011 September 25-30
Toronto, Canada
Session Title:
G1-2 - Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Design and Safety and Lead/Lead-Bismuth Cooled Reactors

Simon Vanmaercke (SCK.CEN)
Gert Van Den Eynde (SCK.CEN)
Engelbert Tijskens (KULeuven)
Yann Bartosiewicz (Université catholique de Louvain)


A new shutdown system that does not rely on absorber rods, is being developed at SCK.CEN and UCL for application in Liquid Metal Reactors (LMR). The system consists of tubes filled with absorber particles. During normal operation, these particles are kept above the active core by means of a metallic melt seal. In case of an accident, the system is activated by the temperature increase in the coolant. This leads to melting of the metal seal, releasing the absorber particles into the core. The resulting flow of the particles has been studied both experimentally, and with Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations. This paper focusses on the second important aspect of the safety system, being the melting and flowing of the metallic seal in interaction with the solid absorber particles moving through the molten seal.

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