Conference Proceedings Paper
ASSESSMENT OF THERMALHYDRAULIC PHENOMENA FOR EXTERNAL WATER MAKE-UP
35th Annual CNS Conference - 2015 May 31 - June 3
C. Harwood (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission)
J. Baschuk (Canadian Nuclear Laboratories)
Following the Fukushima Daiichi accident, Canadian NPP licensees implemented a number of changes, including additional provisions for water make-up to the reactor/boiler systems. The CNSC has placed a contract with CNL to model some of the make-up options, focusing on cooling via the boilers to prevent core damage. Such strategies have been credited with sustaining thermo-syphoning in the primary system and thus prolonging the available time for the operator to provide pumped make-up to the boilers or emergency coolant injection to the core, thereby maintaining decay heat removal. This paper presents results of CATHENA calculations of an extended loss of all electrical power in which the operator manually depressurizes the boilers by crash-cooling, thus allowing water to flow to the boilers by gravity from the deaerator tank. The rapid cooling of the boilers promotes thermo-syphoning flow in the primary heat transport system and results in a corresponding cool-down and depressurization of this system.
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