CONSERVATISM IN METHDOLOGIES FOR MODERATOR SUBCOOLING SUFFICIENCY FOR FUEL CHANNEL INTEGRITY UPON PRESSURE TUBE CALANDRIA TUBE CONTACT
35th Annual CNS Conference - 2015 May 31 - June 3


Presented at:
35th Annual CNS Conference
2015 May 31 - June 3
Location:
Saint John, Canada
Session Title:
3A3 - Safety and Licensing (III)

Authors:
L. Sun (Point Lepreau Generating Station, NB Power)
  

Abstract

During a postulated large LOCA event in CANDU reactors, the pressure tube may balloon to contact with its surrounding calandria tube to transfer heat to the moderator. To confirm the integrity of the fuel channel in this case, many experiments have been performed in the last three decades. Based on the extant database of the pressure tube/calandria tube (PT/CT) contact, an analytical methodology was developed by Canadian Nuclear Industry to determine the sufficiency of moderator subcooling for fuel channel integrity. At the same time a semi-empirical methodology with an idea of Equivalent Moderator Subcooling (EMS) was also developed to judge the sufficiency of the moderator. In this work, some discussions were made over the two methodologies on their conservatism and it is demonstrated that the analytical approach is over conservative comparing with the EMS methodology. By using the EMS methodology, it is demonstrated that applying glass-peened calandria tubes, the requirement to moderator subcooling can be reduced by 10ºC from that for smooth calandria tubes.



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