Conference Proceedings Paper
Closing the CANDU nuclear reactor fuel cycle with a Modified PUREX Processing System: Reducing, Refining and Recycling CANDU Spent Fuel
37th Annual CNS-CNA Student Conference - 2013 June 11
Alexander Koven (University of Toronto)
Jinah Kim (University of Toronto)
Juhx Pellazar (University of Toronto)
Leon Wu (University of Toronto)
Sameena Mulam (University of Toronto)
Marty Tzolov (University of Toronto)
Currently, CANDU reactors in Canada utilize less than 1% of the potential energy in the fresh fuel bundles fed before storing the remainder as nuclear ÔwasteÕ at on-site nuclear waste management facilities. With the modified PUREX processing system, it is economically possible to close the fuel cycle by extracting and converting the remaining 99% to usable energy. The process is designed to mitigate proliferation efforts, as well as produce mixed-oxide fuel for reuse in CANDU reactors and metallic fuel for use in fast-neutron reactors. The multiple products generated create a profit centre.
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