Conference Proceedings Paper
IMPROVING PASSIVE SAFETY IN SMALL MODULAR REACTORS BY QUANTIFYING SMR-SPECIFIC NATURAL DECONTAMINATION PHORETIC PHENOMENA
4th International Technical Meeting on Small Reactors - 2016 Nov. 02-04
S. Talabi (Pittsburgh Technical / Carnegie Mellon University)
For Large Light Water Reactor (LLWR) plants, decontamination is achieved ‘actively’ by mechanical systems such as containment sprays and ‘passively’ via natural phenomena such as gravitational settling, condensation, impaction, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis and hygroscopic effects. Integrated pressurized water reactor (iPWR) SMR designs do not have containment sprays; therefore, they rely primarily on passive natural phenomena for decontamination in the integrated reactor vessel. Analytical studies and inferences from LLWR test data suggest that the smaller containment vessel volume to surface area ratio, coupled with the thermal hydraulic properties of iPWR plants, would significantly enhance decontamination factors for these smaller designs. This proposal includes presentation of experimental work to quantify the amount of decontamination from natural phenomena for the range of iPWR physical and thermal hydraulic characteristics. A preliminary assessment has shown that diffusiophoresis, thermophoresis and hygroscopic effects are the major areas with a research gap for iPWR plants; hence these areas are the foci of the research. These first-of-a-kind experiments will be described and preliminary analytical results will be presented that show the expected effects of SMR-specific correlations on passive decontamination of aerosolized radionuclides.
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