The 5th International Symposium on SuperCritical Water-cooled Reactors - 2011 March 13-16

Presented at:
The 5th International Symposium on SuperCritical Water-cooled Reactors
2011 March 13-16
Session Title:
Chemistry I (Corrosion Product Transport)

Jeremy Pencer (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited)
Matthew K. Edwards (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited)
David Guzonas (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited)
Geoffrey W.R. Edwards (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited)
Bronwyn Hyland (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited)


The CANDU(R) supercritical water-cooled reactor (CANDU-SCWR) is a pressure tube reactor intended to operate with a coolant pressure of 25 MPa and temperatures ranging between 350ºC (core inlet) and 625ºC (core outlet). Along the length of a fuel channel, there is a drastic decrease in the coolant density and dielectric constant, which is expected to result in a rapid decrease in the solubility of corrosion products. Therefore, it is anticipated that corrosion product deposition onto the cladding and liner in an SCWR fuel channel will be much greater than in conventional water-cooled reactors operating below the critical point of water. While optimized materials selection and chemistry control strategies may mitigate corrosion and corrosion product deposition to some degree, it may not be possible to completely eliminate corrosion product deposition within SCWR fuel channels. Corrosion product deposition on fuel cladding will have a negative impact on the neutron economy of the CANDU-SCWR because of parasitic absorption of neutrons within the deposited material. In this paper, lattice physics calculations are used to assess the impact of corrosion product deposition on fuel exit burnup, based on corrosion product deposition rates estimated for prototypical SCWR conditions.

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