Safety Analysis Methodology with Assessment of the Impact of the Prediction Errors of Relevant Parameters
International Conference on the Future of Heavy Water Reactors - 2011 October 02-05


Presented at:
International Conference on the Future of Heavy Water Reactors
2011 October 02-05
Location:
Ottawa, Canada
Session Title:
Thermalhydraulics (I)

Authors:
A.V. Galia (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission)
  

Abstract

The best estimate plus uncertainty approach (BEAU) requires the use of extensive resources and therefore it is usually applied for cases in which the available safety margin obtained with a conservative methodology can be questioned.

Outside the BEAU methodology, there is not a clear approach on how to deal with the issue of considering the uncertainties resulting from prediction errors in the safety analyses performed for licensing submissions. However, the regulatory document RD-310 mentions that the analysis method shall account for uncertainties in the analysis data and models.

A possible approach is presented, that is simple and reasonable, representing just the author’s views, to take into account the impact of prediction errors and other uncertainties when performing safety analysis in line with regulatory requirements. The approach proposes taking into account the prediction error of relevant parameters.

Relevant parameters would be those plant parameters that are surveyed and are used to initiate the action of a mitigating system or those that are representative of the most challenging phenomena for the integrity of a fission barrier.

Examples of the application of the methodology are presented involving a comparison between the results with the new approach and a best estimate calculation during the blowdown phase for two small breaks in a generic CANDU 6 station. The calculations are performed with the CATHENA computer code.

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