Conference Proceedings Paper
Experimental Verification of CFD & Thermal Hydraulics Codes by Quantitative Flow Visualisation
International Conference on the Future of Heavy Water Reactors - 2011 October 02-05
R.K. Singh (Bhabha Atomic Research Center)
A.K. Kansal (Bhabha Atomic Research Center)
N.K. Maheshwari (Bhabha Atomic Research Center)
P.K. Vijayan (Bhabha Atomic Research Center)
V.M. Joshi (Bhabha Atomic Research Center)
Complex flow fields are encountered in many reactor components and processes. Measurement and analysis of various flow parameters are very important for optimal design, experimental determination of safety margins and verification of CFD and thermal hydraulics codes. Development of image capture hardware and digital image processing technique in Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has made possible to map complex flow fields instantaneously at thousands of points with very high temporal and spatial resolution. PIV is a non intrusive and very flexible technique. In this technique using synchronized operation of laser and CCD camera, seeded flow is illuminated by pulsing laser sheet and images of seeded particles are recorded on CCD camera. The displacement of the particles is measured in the plane of the image and used to determine the velocity of the flow. Image plane is divided into small interrogation regions. Velocity vectors are calculated with the help of cross correlated images obtained from two time exposures. This paper describes 2D PIV System used, flow mapping and verification of CFD codes for pipe flow, submerged jet, thermal stratification in water pool and Fluidic Flow Control Device (FFCD) proposed to be used in advanced accumulator of Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS).
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