Study on Protective Layer for Severe Accident Conditions for EC6 Reactor Vault Structure
34th Annual CNS Conference - 2013 June 09-12

Presented at:
34th Annual CNS Conference
2013 June 09-12
Toronto, Canada
Session Title:
Chemistry & Materials

Homayoun Abrishami (Candu Energy Inc.)
Rick Ricciuti (Candu Energy Inc.)
Azhar Khan (Candu Energy Inc.)
Ranjit Singh (Candu Energy Inc.)


During a postulated severe core accident, Molten Core-Concrete Interaction (MCCI) may occur when molten core debris breaches the calandria vessel and contacts concrete surfaces. The earliest phase of MCCI is characterized by very-high-temperature molten metal and oxide pouring from the calandria vessel and settling as a pool on the concrete surfaces of the vault floor. The molten material can result in spalling or fragmentation of the concrete near where the corium first contacts the concrete. In order to control and mitigate MCCI, a protective layer (refractory material) with suitable material properties and sufficient thickness was proposed to protect the reactor vault concrete floor. To further enhance vault floor protection and mitigate the conditions under severe accidents a special concrete composition in the upper layer of the vault floor concrete is to be provided in case the refractory material is breached. This special concrete should minimize the generation of various gases including combustible hydrogen and carbon monoxide during MCCI.

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