Conference Proceedings Paper
Thermalhydraulics and Safety Concepts of Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors
NURETH-14 - 2011 September 25-30
Thomas Schulenberg (Karlsruhe Institute for Technology)
D.C. Visser (Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, Petten)
The paper summarizes the status of safety system development for supercritical water cooled reactors and of thermal-hydraulic codes needed to analyze them. While active safety systems are well understood today and expected to perform as required, the development of passive safety systems will still need further optimization. Depressurization transients have successfully been simulated with some codes by a pseudo-two-phase flow simulation of supercritical water. Open issues of thermal-hydraulic codes include modeling of deteriorated heat transfer in one-dimensional system codes and predictions of heat transfer during depressurization transients from supercritical to sub-critical conditions.
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