Design of a Decay Tank for a Pool Type Research Reactor with a CFD Model
NURETH-14 - 2011 September 25-30

Presented at:
2011 September 25-30
Toronto, Canada
Session Title:
I1-1 Thermalhydraulics of Non Electricity Generating Nuclear Equipment

Kyoungwoo Seo (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
Young-Chul Park (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
Daeyoung Chi (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
Juhyeon Yoon (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)


A conceptual primary cooling system (PCS) was designed for adequate cooling of the core of a research reactor. The primary coolant after passing through the reactor core contains many kinds of radio-nuclides. A decay tank provides a delayed transit time to ensure that the N-16 activity decreases enough before the coolant leaves the decay tank’s shielding room. The size of the decay tank should be enlarged to provide sufficient transit time. However, there was a limitation: to minimize the tank size, it should be designed with an internal baffle, which affects the pressure loss in the system and net positive suction head (NPSH) of the PCS pump. Therefore, the decay tank should be optimized for size and the internal baffle. A vertical type decay tank was chosen to optimize the geometrical arrangement of PCS and the vertical internal baffle was installed to minimize the number of internal structures. The preliminary geometry of the tank and the internal baffle were determined to satisfy the required delayed transit time by calculating the maximum velocity and the flow path length of the circular and the annular sections of the tank. The commercially available CFD model, FLUENT, which solves the Navier-Stokes and turbulent models, was used to specifically design the decay tank with the preliminarily calculated geometry and the related flow rate. Several turbulence models, standard k- e model, renormalization group (RNG) model, and realizable k-e model, were conducted to isolate the root cause of these differences. By comparing the results of the velocity profile and the characteristics of each model, a detailed design study was simulated using the realizable k-e model. A user-defined scalar equation was solved to estimate the delayed transit time. The size and the internal baffle that satisfy the required transit time were determined based on the CFD results.

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