Prediction of Wall Friction for Fluids at Supercritical Pressure with CFD Models
NURETH-14 - 2011 September 25-30

Presented at:
2011 September 25-30
Toronto, Canada
Session Title:
A12-5 Thermalhydraulics of High Prandtl-Number (Supercritical) Flows (II)

Morena Angelucci (Università di Pisa)
Walter Ambrosini (Università di Pisa)
Nicola Forgione (Università di Pisa)


In this paper, the STAR-CCM+ CFD code is used in the attempt to reproduce the values of

 friction factor observed in experimental data at supercritical pressures at various operating

 conditions. A short survey of available data and correlations for smooth pipe friction in circular

 pipes puts the basis for the discussion, reporting observed trends of friction factor in the liquidlike

 and the gas-like regions and within the transitional region around the pseudo-critical

 temperature. For smooth pipes, a general decrease of the friction factor in the transitional region

 is reported, constituting one of the relevant effects to be predicted by the computational

 fluiddynamic models.

 A limited number of low-Reynolds number models is adopted, making use of refined

 near-wall discretisations as required by the constraint y+ < 1 at the wall. In particular, the Lien k-e

and the SST k-w models are considered. The values of the wall shear stress calculated by the code are then post-processed on

the basis of bulk fluid properties to obtain the Fanning and then the Darcy-Weisbach friction factors,

basing on their classical definitions. The obtained values are compared with those provided by

experimental tests and correlations, finding a reasonable qualitative agreement. Expectedly, the

agreement is better in the gas-like and liquid-like regions, where fluid property changes are

moderate, than in the transitional region, where the trends provided by available correlations are

reproduced only in a qualitative way

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