Fuel Assembly Simulations Using LRGR-CFD and CGCFD
NURETH-14 - 2011 September 25-30

Presented at:
2011 September 25-30
Toronto, Canada
Session Title:
B1-2 Computational Fluid Dynamics, Mathematical Modeling and Verification/Validation/Applications

Ferry Roelofs (NRG)
Vinay R. Gopala (NRG)
Laltu Chandra (IIT Rajasthan)
Mathias Viellieber (Karlsruhe Institute for Technology)
Andreas Class (Karlsruhe Institute for Technology)


In addition to the traditional fuel assembly simulation approaches using system codes, subchannel codes or porous medium approaches, as well as detailed CFD simulations to analyze single sub channels, a Low Resolution Geometry Resolving (LRGR) CFD approach and a Coarse-Grid-CFD (CGCFD) approach is taken. Both methods are based on a low resolution mesh that allows the capture of large and medium scale flow features such as recirculation zones, which cannot be reproduced by the system codes, subchannel codes and porous media approaches.

The LRGR approach allows for instance fine-tuning the porous parameters which are important input for a porous medium approach. However, it should be noted that the prediction of detailed flow features such as secondary flows is not feasible. Using this approach, the consequences of flow blockages for detection possibilities and cladding temperatures can be discussed.

Within the Coarse-Grid CFD approach a subgrid model (SGM) accounts for sub grid volumetric forces which are derived from validated CFD simulations. The volumetric forces take account of the non resolved physics due to the coarse mesh. The CGCFD approach with SGM can be applied to simulate complete fuel assemblies or even complete cores capturing the unique features of the complex flow induced by the fuel assembly geometry and its spacers. In such a case, grids with a very low grid resolution are employed. The current paper discusses and presents both, the CGCFD and the LRGR approaches.

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